The book presents a new risk management-led approach to portfolio design
19 April 2021
We are pleased to announce the release of a new book, Strategic Risk Management: Designing Portfolios and Managing Risk, authored by Sandy Rattray, Chief Investment Officer of Man Group and co-inventor of the VIX index; Professor Campbell R. Harvey, a leading financial economist and Investment Strategy Advisor to Man Group; and Otto Van Hemert, Director of Core Strategies at Man AHL, Man Group’s systematic investment engine. In a world of heightened market uncertainty, the book calls for a prioritisation of risk considerations and shows readers how to integrate risk management into the core portfolio design.
While many active fund managers consider the risk management function to be a series of tripwires that are activated after the portfolio is in trouble, Harvey, Rattray, and Van Hemert demonstrate why it is detrimental to treat risk management as an afterthought and make the case for viewing risk management as inextricable from alpha generation.
Readers of the book will:
- Learn how to incorporate risk management into the core portfolio design;
- Gain a deeper understanding of concepts such as portfolio rebalancing;
- Acquire tools to achieve a more balanced return stream through volatility targeting of higher-risk asset classes; and
- Understand which defensive strategies offer the most reliable and affordable protection.
In an exploration of portfolio design, the book examines the performance of various investment strategies in stressful market conditions and highlights strategies that tend to mitigate portfolio drawdowns during adverse market events, namely futures trend-following and quality long-short stock strategies, as well as volatility targeting.
The authors also review operational strategies, such as portfolio rebalancing. They look at how routine mechanical portfolio rebalancing, for example to a 60/40 equity/bond mix, can increase drawdowns and portfolio risks. Instead they advocate for strategic rebalancing, a solution that is more closely attuned to market conditions.
Sandy Rattray, CIO of Man Group, says:
"The extreme market events of 2020 have again demonstrated that forecasting the next tail event is nearly impossible, and that we therefore should not be focused on predicting the next downturn but on designing our portfolios to be as resilient as possible through volatile markets. One of my core beliefs is that risk management is an equal partner to alpha generation, and asset managers should invest heavily in technology that empowers their risk management capabilities. We are pleased to share our deep expertise with the broader investor community, and believe the book will provide readers with a new, helpful framework to understand and implement strategic risk management techniques."
Professor Campbell R. Harvey, Investment Strategy Advisor at Man Group, says:
"To date, the asset management field has largely overlooked the crucial role of risk management, often establishing it as a secondary, support function for investment teams. Our research provides an encompassing approach to managing risk in good, bad and ugly markets. We hope to change thinking: dynamic risk management is integral to successful portfolio design."
The book’s findings are based on five years of research and decades of market data and quantitative portfolio management expertise, and although much of the book’s research was conducted pre-COVID-19, the market selloff in March 2020 offers a unique out of sample experiment that provides evidence supportive of the book’s approach.
Further information on the book can be found here. All proceeds from this book will be donated to The Access Project, a non-profit organisation which supports students from disadvantaged backgrounds to access top universities through tuition and in-school mentoring.
Praise for Strategic Risk Management:
"This book takes risk seriously and gives it the consideration it deserves. Risk considerations can get short shrift in many ways. For example, historical returns typically are reported without reference to the risk taken to achieve them. Unfortunately, without a better understanding of the risk involved, it is difficult to estimate the likelihood that such (possibly fortuitous) returns can be repeated."
Martin Leibowitz, President, Advanced Portfolio Studies LLC, and Senior Advisor to Morgan Stanley
"This book shows how to fully embed risk management into the portfolio management process as an equal partner to alpha. This should clearly be best practice for all asset managers."
Jase Auby, Chief Investment Officer for the Teacher Retirement System of Texas
"This book shows the power of integrating risk and investment management, rather than applying risk management as an afterthought to satisfy set limits. I was pleased to shepherd some of the key ideas in this book through the publication process at The Journal of Portfolio Management."
Frank J. Fabozzi, Editor of The Journal of Portfolio Management
"Financial markets today are quite different from those of the last century. Understanding leverage, correlations, tails and other risk parameters of a portfolio is at least as important as work on signals and alpha. In that sense, bringing risk management from ‘control’ to ‘front office’ should be a priority for asset managers. This book explains how to do it."
Marko Kolanovic, Chief Global Market Strategist, J.P. Morgan
About the Authors:
Sandy Rattray is Chief Investment Officer of Man Group and a member of the Man Group Executive Committee.
Before joining Man Group in 2007, Sandy spent 15 years at Goldman Sachs where he was a managing director in charge of the Fundamental Strategy Group. He also ran Equity Derivatives Research at Goldman Sachs in London and New York.
Sandy is a co-inventor of the VIX index. He is a board director of MSCI Inc. and sits on the MSCI Advisory Council and the Jesus College Cambridge investment committee. Sandy is a governor of the Southbank Centre in London and is a founding patron of the London Cycling Campaign.
Sandy holds a Master’s degree in Natural Sciences and Economics from the University of Cambridge.
Campbell R. Harvey
Professor Campbell R. Harvey, a leading financial economist, has been an Investment Strategy Advisor to Man Group since 2005 and has contributed to both research and product design.
He is a Professor of Finance at Duke University and Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He served as editor of the Journal of Finance from 2006 to 2012 and as the 2016 president of the American Finance Association.
Professor Harvey received the 2016 and 2015 Bernstein Fabozzi/Jacobs Levy Award for the Best Article from the Journal of Portfolio Management for his research on differentiating luck from skill. In 2020, he was named LinkedIn’s Top Finance & Economy Voice and in January 2021, he was named ‘Quant of the Year’ by the Journal of Portfolio Management for his outstanding contributions to the field of quantitative finance. He has also received eight Graham and Dodd Awards/Scrolls for excellence in financial writing from the CFA Institute. He has published over 150 scholarly articles on topics spanning investment finance, emerging markets, corporate finance, behavioral finance, financial econometrics, and computer science.
He holds a PhD in Finance from the University of Chicago.
Otto Van Hemert
Otto Van Hemert is Director of Core Strategies and a member of Man AHL’s management and investment committees. He was previously Head of Macro Research at Man AHL. Prior to joining Man AHL in 2015, Otto ran a systematic global macro fund at IMC for more than three years. Before that, he headed Fixed Income Arbitrage, Credit, and Volatility strategies at AQR, and was on the Finance Faculty at the New York University Stern School of Business, where he published papers in leading academic finance journals.
Otto holds a Master’s degree and PhD in Economics from the University of Amsterdam and a Master’s degree in Mathematics from the University of Utrecht.